NORMAN J CLEMENT RPH., DDS, NORMAN L. CLEMENT PHARM-TECH, MALACHI F. MACKANDAL PHARMD, BELINDA BROWN-PARKER, IN THE SPIRIT OF JOSEPH SOLVO ESQ., INC.T. SPIRIT OF REV. IN THE SPIRIT OF WALTER R. CLEMENT BS., MS, MBA. HARVEY JENKINS MD, PH.D., IN THE SPIRIT OF C.T. VIVIAN, JELANI ZIMBABWE CLEMENT, BS., MBA., IN THE SPIRIT OF THE HON. PATRICE LUMUMBA, IN THE SPIRIT OF ERLIN CLEMENT SR., WALTER F. WRENN III., MD., JULIE KILLINGSWORTH, RENEE BLARE, RPH, DR. TERANCE SASAKI, MD LESLY POMPY MD., CHRISTOPHER RUSSO, MD., NANCY SEEFELDT, WILLIE GUINYARD BS., JOSEPH WEBSTER MD., MBA, BEVERLY C. PRINCE MD., FACS., NEIL ARNAND, MD., RICHARD KAUL, MD., LEROY BAYLOR, JAY K. JOSHI MD., MBA, ADRIENNE EDMUNDSON, ESTER HYATT PH.D., WALTER L. SMITH BS., IN THE SPIRIT OF BRAHM FISHER ESQ., MICHELE ALEXANDER MD., CUDJOE WILDING BS, MARTIN NJOKU, BS., RPH., IN THE SPIRIT OF DEBRA LYNN SHEPHERD, BERES E. MUSCHETT, STRATEGIC ADVISORS
“THROUGH RESEARCH AND KNOWLEDGE OF SELF DOES ONE CONTROLS THEIR DESTINY FROM THE ONSLAUGHT OF IGNORANCE“
…norman j clement rph, dds
…norman j clement rph, dds
A HISTORY OF the great state of DESANTISBURG (formerly florida)
On Jan. 31, 2023, Florida Governor Ron DeSantis announced his plans to block colleges in the state of Florida from spendings funds on diversity, equity, and inclusivity initiatives, also known as DEI initiatives.
According to CNN, Gov. DeSantis hopes that by cutting off funding, the programs will “wither on the vine” and cease from existence on their own. Proposing education initiatives that rid the system of critical race theory discussion has been at the top of Gov. DeSantis’ agenda since the start of the year.
Florida’s Department of Education explicitly aims to keep critical race theory and “social justice” out of social studies textbooks that the state will ultimately adopt for its new teaching standards.
The agency, in recent updated guidance, asked textbook publishers to avoid those topics on top of “culturally responsive teaching, social and emotional learning, and any other unsolicited theories” as the DeSantis administration and Republicans continue to scrutinize what students are learning in public schools, especially on the issues of race and gender identity.
The state, through a rule passed by the Board of Education in 2021, defines critical race theory as an ideology that “racism is not merely the product of prejudice, but that racism is embedded in American society and it’s legal systems to uphold the supremacy of white persons.” According to Florida leaders, critical race theory and “The 1619 Project” from The New York Times “distort historical events,” according to Florida leaders.
Critical race theory, an analytical framework developed by legal scholars, is generally known as a way to examine how race and racism have become ingrained in American law and institutions since slavery and Jim Crow.
BY ELIMINATING THE 1619 PROJECT, GOV. DESANTIS GOT HISTORY RIGHT, ST. AUGUSTINE FLORIDA (1565) IS THE HOME OF AFRICAN SPANISH HISTORY, NOT “VIRGINIA”
FORT MOSES MUSEUM AFRICAN SPANISH AMERICAN HISTORY
Many educational opportunities are available, particularly for visitors interested in history or wildlife viewing. Those inclined toward history will enjoy the interactive museum that tells the complete story of the first legally sanctioned free African settlement in what would become the United States. Although there are no remains of the earth and wooden structures, visitors can view the land where the settlement once stood.
From the Fort Moses Museum archives, we learn:
“Fort Mose Historic State Park is the site of the first legally sanctioned free African settlement in what is now the United States. In 1738, the Spanish governor of Florida chartered the settlement of Gracia Real de Santa Teresa de Mose, or Fort Mose for short, as a settlement for those fleeing slavery from the English colonies in the Carolinas.
It is estimated that 100 Africans made Fort Mose their new home. What is particularly interesting is that the residents created a new cultural community, pulling from Native American, Spanish, and English cultural customs.
Fort Mose has been recognized for its national significance in the history of the United States. In 1994, the site was designated a National Historic Landmark and listed on the National Register of Historic Places.”
TO LEARN MORE, TAKE THE CIVIL RIGHTS TOUR OF MS. BERNADETTE REEVES (MS. B’s)
Ms. B’s tours are done daily, and the cost is $25 for adults and children 12yrs old and younger are $10, and 6yrs and under are free.
There were about 30 of us, and none were disappointed. My kids learned so much, and I was able to appreciate my culture, although I look at Saint Augustine the town a little differently now. To be surprise, the tour was mixed, and just as many whites as blacks appreciated learning about black history.
From our history of Florida and our tour guide Bernadetta Reeves, we learn:
“St. Augustine finds itself on all kinds of complimentary travel lists and seems every year to grow in stature as a top tourist destination. The area has been lauded for its food, beaches, Christmas lights, etc. It’s often mentioned as a great place for history — and for a good reason with the Castillo de San Marcos, Fountain of Youth, Mission Nombre de Dios, and many other attractions of historical significance.
Yet when it comes to black history, including the civil rights movement, St. Augustine falls off the search engines. It’s not that the city lacks significance. The Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. marched here in 1964 to push for the passage of the Civil Rights Act. There was the famous sit-in at Woolworth’s and the confrontations on the beach and at the pool of the Monson Motor Lodge.”
A history of Apartheid in South Africa
“People often wonder why such a policy was introduced and why it had so much support. There are various reasons for apartheid, although they are all closely linked. The main reasons lie in ideas of racial superiority and fear. Across the world, racism is influenced by the idea that one race must be superior to another. Such ideas are found in all population groups.
The other main reason for apartheid was fear, as in South Africa, the white people were in the minority, and many were worried they would lose their jobs, culture, and language. This is obviously not a justification for apartheid, but explains how people thought.”
“It is not our diversity which divides us; it is not our ethnicity, or religion or culture that divides us. Since we have achieved our freedom, there can only be one division amongst us: between those who cherish democracy and those who do not.”
A HISTORY OF “JIM CROW IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Jim Crow was the name of the racial caste system which operated primarily, but not exclusively, in southern and border states between 1877 and the mid-1960s. Jim Crow was more than a series of rigid anti-black laws. It was a way of life. Under Jim Crow, African Americans were relegated to the status of second-class citizens. Jim Crow represented the legitimization of anti-black racism.
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PURPOSE OF BANTU EDUCATION IN SOUTH AFRICA
“Bantu education served the interests of white supremacy. It denied black people access to the same educational opportunities and resources enjoyed by white South Africans. Bantu education denigrated black people’s history, culture, and identity. It promoted myths and racial stereotypes in its curricula and textbooks. Some of these ideas found expression in the notion of the existence of a separate “Bantu society” and “Bantu economy,” which were taught to African students in government-run schools.
This so-called “Bantu culture” was presented in a crude and essentialized fashion. African people and communities were portrayed as traditional, rural, and unchanging. Bantu education treated blacks as perpetual children needing parental supervision by whites, which greatly limited the student’s vision of “her place” in the broader South African society (Hartshorne, 41).
The white government clarified that Bantu education was designed to teach African learners to be “hewers of wood and drawers of water” for a white-run economy and society, regardless of an individual’s abilities and aspirations. In what are now infamous words, Minster of Native Affairs, Dr. Hendrik F. Verwoerd, explained the government’s new education policy to the South African Parliament:
There is no space for him [the “Native”] in the European Community above certain forms of labor. For this reason it is of no avail for him to receive training which has its aim in the absorption of the European Community, where he cannot be absorbed. Until now he has been subjected to a school system which drew him away from his community and misled him by showing him the greener pastures of European Society where he is not allowed to graze. (quoted in Kallaway, 92)
PURPOSE OF JIM CROW EDUCATION IN AMERICA
Jim Crow etiquette operated in conjunction with Jim Crow laws (black codes). When most people think of Jim Crow, they think of laws (not the Jim Crow etiquette) that excluded blacks from public transport and facilities, juries, jobs, and neighborhoods. The passage of the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the Constitution granted blacks the same legal protections as whites.
However, after 1877 and the election of Republican Rutherford B. Hayes, southern and border states began restricting the liberties of blacks. Unfortunately for blacks, the Supreme Court helped undermine the Constitutional protections of blacks with the infamous Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) case, which legitimized Jim Crow laws and the Jim Crow way of life.
Stetson Kennedy, the author of Jim Crow Guide (1990), offered these simple rules that blacks were supposed to observe in conversing with whites:
- Never assert or even intimate that a white person is lying.
- Never impute dishonorable intentions to a white person.
- Never suggest that a white person is from an inferior class.
- Never lay claim to or overly demonstrate superior knowledge or intelligence.
- Never curse a white person.
- Never laugh derisively at a white person.
- Never comment upon the appearance of a white female.
FOR NOW, YOU ARE WITHIN